Biotin is necessary for the physiological processes of all organisms and plants, yet can only be synthesized by bacteria, yeasts, molds, algae, and some plants. It is of great importance for the biochemistry of the human organism because it is directly involved in carbon dioxide transfer and therefore essential to the metabolism of carbohydrate and fat. Known as vitamin B7 as well as vitamin H, biotin works as a part of the B vitamin complex to break down and utilize food for energy.
Biotin helps in the synthesis of fatty acids, amino acids, and glucose. Biotin is also utilized to manufacture intracellular carboxylase enzymes and is needed for normal growth and the health of skin and hair. Biotin helps maintain healthy bone marrow, blood cells, and nerve tissue. Biotin is found in low levels in the brain, liver, and muscle tissue. Among others, biotin activates acetyl Coa carboxylase, a potentially key enzyme in myelin synthesis.